Mobile learning is clearly transitioning from an “option” to a “must have”

Mobile learning or m-learning is succinctly defined as the use of technologically powered mobile devices to access content for learning purposes (Traxler, 2009). Accordingly, knowledge is obtained through the use of a plethora of mobile devices ranging from mobile phones to laptops and tablets. With the recent upsurge in the usage of these technological devices, learning has been dramatically revolutionised leading to m-learning becoming more of a necessity than an option. By estimation, it was shown that by 2014 the number of such mobile devices in use had exceeded the human population with no signs of slowing. For instance, in the United States 86%, 65% and 48% of adults owned a laptop, a smartphone, and a tablet respectively while 26% of adults in the US owned all the three devices (Han & Shin, 2016). The uptake of mobile learning has important benefits that can be tapped.

Mobile learning increases accessibility to learning content compared to the traditional mainstream methods of learning (Mehdipour & Zerehkafi, 2013). Notably, the availability is increased not by geographical means but also by temporal means. As such, geographical distance between the learner and the provider of learning content can be so huge, but if provided via m-learning, the learning process can still be seamless. Also, the improv