Updated: Feb 27
by Dr. Babis Bakopoulos
Director of MytopEducation Network
Learning difficulties are neurological and are not an impression of someone or their kid's intelligence or how hard someone is attempting. A mainstream way of describing learning difficulties is that the learner's brain is wired differently, and he or she gets and processes information differently (Gregg, 2009). Learning difficulties can make spelling, reading, writing, and mathematics troublesome. They likewise can affect someone's capacity to organise and remember information, tune in and speak, and can affect someone's short term and long haul memory and timing. The term learning difficulties is a broad term for a scope of specific learning difficulties. Learning difficulties are not issues with learning due to seeing or hearing problems or learning in a second dialect, and so forth. Individuals with learning difficulties typically have average or above-average intelligence, but there is an inconsistency between their accomplishments and their potential (Katz, Goldstein and Beers, 2002). Common learning difficulties include dyslexia, dyscalculia, dysgraphia, dyspraxia and ADHD.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in grown-ups or adults is a condition that impacts their mental health and includes a blend of persistent issues that include having concentration troubles, hyperactivity, and imprudent behaviour (Hinshaw, 2018). ADHD in adults can lead to rickety relationships, deprived school or work performance, low self-esteem, and different issues. ADHD is not a learning difficulty, but rather make learning challenging. For instance, it is difficult to learn when you struggle to concentrate on what your instructor is talking about or when you cannot be able to sit down and focus on a book. One can have both disorders. Learning difficulties and ADHD every so often exists together.
At the point when an individual has co-existing learning difficulties and ADHD, it implies that they have the broad impairment of the brain together with the impairment of the specific abilities required for writing, reading, and mathematics.
Symptoms of ADHD and Learning disabilities
A few people with ADHD and other learning difficulties have fewer signs and symptoms as they grow older; however, a few adults keep on having significant symptoms that impede daily functioning. In grown-ups, the primary features of ADHD and other learning difficulties may incorporate trouble focusing, lack of caution, and anxiety. Symptoms can go from mild to extreme (Gregg, 2009). Many grown-ups with ADHD or most of the learning difficulties never know that they have the condition. Symptoms for people with other learning difficulties and ADHD include short concentration span, poor reading and writing capabilities, poor memory, weak eye and hand synchronisation, trouble in following instructions, disorganisation and other sensory problems, inability to discriminate between letters, numerals, or sounds, and problems with sequencing. Adults with ADHD or learning difficulties may find it hard to concentrate and organise, thus causing missed deadlines and scheduled meetings or social plans.
Other symptoms of grown-ups with ADHD and other learning problems might include Recklessness, Poor time management skills, multitasking problems, too much activity or anxiety, poor planning, anger issues, regular mood swings, and difficulties in managing stress.
Diagnosis and treatment
Diagnosing learning difficulties, including ADHD in grown-ups is not easy since there are some contradictions about whether the symptoms used to diagnose kids and adolescents also applies to adults. Sometimes, an adult might be diagnosed with some kind of learning difficulties or ADHD if they have a number of the signs of concentration problems of hyperactivity and indiscretion, listed in diagnostic procedures for kids with Learning difficulties (Hinshaw, 2018). As part of the learner's evaluation, the expert will ask them some information about their present symptoms. Nevertheless, under modern diagnostic rules, a diagnosis of learning difficulties and ADHD in grown-ups cannot be affirmed except if the symptoms have been available from childhood.
The precision of the diagnosis of learning difficulties in adults is of extreme significance and ought to be made by a clinician with expertise in the disorder. For a precise diagnosis, a historical background of the learner's behaviour during childhood, together with a meeting with his wife, guardian, close companion, or another intimate partner, will be required. For a grown-up to be diagnosed with a learning disability or ADHD, their symptoms ought to also have a moderate outcome on various areas of their life, like; work or school performance, anxiety issues, poor memory and concentration, difficulty making or keeping friends, troubles in relationships with partners, etc.
Even though there is no single medical or genetic test to treat specific learning difficulties, a diagnostic evaluation can be provided by a qualified professional who gathers information and carries out several tests. To assist in this battle, "psychoeducation" help can be useful. Offering special education to learners with learning difficulties is usually one of the best treatment measures. Specially trained instructors may carry out a symptomatic educational assessment evaluating the individuals' intellectual and academic potential as well as academic performance. After the instructors are done with the assessment, the fundamental methodology is to teach learning skills by expanding on the individuals' capacities and strengths while remedying and making up for the difficulties and shortcomings. The experts can help the learners learn how to plan their lives by utilising "props," datebooks, lists, reminders, and have a familiar spot for keys, bills, and the documents used daily (Mapou, 2009). Most importantly, ADHD and other learning difficulties learners ought to learn as much as they can about their condition. Consultation can be a helpful subordinate to taking medication and being educated.
Learning difficulties, including ADHD, can have severe and life-long effects on the learners. This implies that the vast majority of the symptoms will never go away completely. In several learners, several coinciding learning difficulties may be apparent. However, other learners might have a solitary, isolated learning difficulty that has minimal effect on their lives. When individuals learn how to deal with their symptoms very well, the quality of their life increases. Therefore, this boosts their self-esteem and inspires them to proceed with a healthy journey towards a meaningful life. Untreated ADHD and other learning disorders are very problematic for the learner. It can cause negative results at home, work, and school. Grown-ups who go on untreated are bound to develop a substance use issue as they run to illicit medications to control their symptoms.